Basaloid Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Retromolar Ridge Area: A Rare Case Report

Kanu Jain, Harshaminder Kaur, Madhushankari GS


Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma is a rare variant of squamous cell carcinoma in head and neck region with a relative frequency of 2% and only few cases being reported. The objective is to report here a rare case of Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma in left retromolar ridge area in a 62-year old Indian male. The tissue mass obtained by excisional biopsy was submitted for histopathological and immunohistochemical confirmation of the tumor. After correlating the clinical, histopathological and immunohistochemical findings, a final diagnosis of Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma was given. The tumor showed unusual site of occurrence that suggested it was a rare case in this location of oral cavity. As Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma tends to have an aggressive course as compared to conventional Squamous cell carcinoma, with frequent local recurrence, regional and distant metastases, its diagnosis is imperative and should be considered in differential diagnosis of tumors arising in oral cavity.


Neoplasms; Head and Neck; Squamous Cell; Carcinoma; Oral Cancer; Immunohistochemistry; Aggressive; Basaloid.

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