Oral Mucormycosis Causing Necrotizing Lesion in a Diabetic Patient: A Case Report

Nupur Hingad, Garish Kumar, Revati Deshmukh

Abstract


Mucormycosis is an invasive and potentially lethal infection caused by fungi of the order mucorales. The microbiology, clinical forms and pathology of mucormycosis are well established but the rarity of the disease leads to difficulties in diagnosis and delays can result in a poor prognosis. The main risk factors for this disease are diabetes mellitus, renal insufficiency, organ transplantation and chronic use of iron-chelating agents and immunocompromised patients. Early recognition and aggressive treatment are of paramount importance and have reduced the mortality and morbidity. We present a case of oral mucormycosis in a patient with diabetes mellitus and ketoacidosis, who was saved by immediate diagnosis and medical treatment. What makes this case significant is the diagnosis and treatment of a neglected lesion accompanied by systemic diseases. All the diagnostic procedures, treatment and the relevant literature are discussed in detail.


Keywords


Mycoses;Zygomycosis;Mucormycosis;Fungi;UnclassifiedMucorales;Diabetic;Ketoacidosis;Diabetes Mellitus.

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