Tumor Markers: A Short Overview

Nishat Sham Sultana, Ehtaih Sham, Rachna Kaul, Shilpa Shastry, Suraksha Bhat

Abstract


Recent advances in genomic technology, in particular gene expression profiling, may elucidate novel tumor markers or signatures that will predict how various tumors will behave and respond to various treatment modalities. In head and neck cancer, tumor markers may address current functional deficits in treating locally advanced disease. Progress in high-throughout techniques, will greatly promote identification and development of novel biomarkers that distinguish normal oral epithelia from potentially malignant lesions and early stage oral cancer. Further validation of these biomarkers and application in combination with routine histological studies will lead to improved diagnostic approaches and therapeutic strategies when the cancer is most curable.


Keywords


Biomarkers; Biological Tumor Marker; Clinical Marker; Laboratory Marker; Oral Cancer.

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