Oropharyngeal Candidiasis Associated with Use of Steroid Inhaler in a Chronic Asthmatic Patient: Case Report
Candidiasis or oral thrush is a fungal infection caused by any of the Candida species, of which Candida albicans is the most common etiological agent. The infection caused by Candida albicans is called as candidiasis. Candidiasis is often dubbed as the ‘disease of the diseased’ as it sets in when the immunity of the host or the host defense is suppressed or compromised. One of the complications that may be associated with long-term use of steroid inhalers may be the occurrence of nasopharyngeal or oropharyngeal candidiasis. Whenever an asthmatic patient who is on steroid inhalers reports with oral mucosal lesion, steroid-induced oropharyngeal candidiasis must be suspected. This is a case report of a 55-year old male patient who was on steroid inhaler and presented with oropharyngeal candidiasis.
Schneider LC, Lester MR. Atopic diseases and upper respiratory tract infections. Curr Opin Pediatr 1999;11:475-8.
Scully C. Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine: The Basis of Diagnosis and Treatment. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. 2008. pp. 191-9.
Ananthanarayan, R and Jayaram Paniker CK. Ananthanarayan and Paniker's Textbook of Microbiology. 7th ed. Orient Longman, 2006.
Haslett C, Chilvers ER, Hunter JAA, Boon NA. Davidson’s Principles and Practice of Medicine. 18th ed. Churchill Livingstone; 2002
Roland NJ, Bhalla RK, Earis J. The Local Side Effects of Inhaled Corticosteroids Current Understanding and Review of the Literature. Chest J 2004;126(1):213-9.
Fukushima C. Oral Candidiasis associated with inhaled corticosteroid use: Comparison of fluticasone and beclomethasone, Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2003;90(6):646-51.
Mullaoglu S, Turktas H, Kokturk N, Tuncer C, Kalkanci A, Kustimur S. Oesophageal candidiasis and candida colonization in asthma patients on inhaled steroids. Allergy Asthma Proc 2007;28(5):544-9.
Gary A Salzman, Pyczczynski DR. Oropharyngeal candidiasis in patients treated with beclomethasone dipropionate delivered by metered-dose inhaler alone and with Aerochamber. J Aller Clin Immunol 1988;81(2):424-8.
Butler CC, Rollnick S, Kinnersley P, et al. Reducing antibiotics for respiratory tract symptoms in primary care: consolidating ‘why’ and considering ‘how’. Br J Gen Pract 1998;48:1865-70.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
|Published by Celesta Software Pvt Ltd|