Epidemiological and Clinico-Pathological Study of Oral Cancers in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital: An Institutional study in Haryana
Background: Global cancer statistical data showed that India has one of the highest incidence rates of oral cancer worldwide. Early detection is extremely important as it results in lower morbidity and mortality. Aims: The present study was undertaken to analyse the clinical profile and epidemiological trends in oral cancer of a small population of Haryana in a tertiary care teaching dental hospital. Materials and Methods: A retrospective hospital record based study was carried out for the period of two years 2011-2013 in the department of Oral Pathology. This is the first data based study being reported for oral cancer in Haryana at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Out of 749 biopsies, 130 diagnosed with oral cancer were retrieved. Data was collected on the basis of patient’s record in the department of Oral Pathology and analysed in the form of percentage. Results: Alveolus was the most common site of ulceroproliferative form of oral cancer in the age group 50 years and above with male predominance in the present study. Conclusion: There is need to investigate the aetiology of oral cancer in patients of Haryana as the site and clinical presentation of oral cancer studied is quite different from the conventional sites and presentations of oral cancer as reported by other studies in the literature.
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