Rhinomaxillary Mucormycosis in an immunocompetant individual– A case report with review of literature

Mrinal Vishweshwar Shete, Revati Deshmukh, Anagha Shete, Prasad Karande

Abstract


Mucormycosis is a deep fungal infection affecting the head and neck region, usually affecting the air sinuses, orbits and extending up to the brain. It is an opportunistic fungal infection seen in association with diabetes or other immunosuppressive conditions. It is rarely seen in immunocompetent individuals. One such case of mucormycosis in a 47 year old immunocompetent male is reported here to emphasize early diagnosis of this potentially fatal fungal infection.


Keywords


Fungal Infection; Fatal; immunosuppression; Mucormycosis; Opportunistic.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Paltauf A. Mycosis mucorina. Virchows Arch Path Anat 1885;102:543-53.

Chandra S, Reddy Enja SP, Nigam N, Nethan S. Rhinomaxillary mucormycosis in an immunocompetant individual: Importance of early diagnosis. J Indian Acad Oral Med Radiol2014;26(3):315-8.

Zahir ST.Right Maxillary Sinus Mucormycosis with Intracranial Extension in a 14-Year-Oldmale. JSM Clin Case Rep 2014;2(6):1068-70.

Rosen PP. Opportunistic fungal infections in patients with neoplastic disease. Pathol Ann1976;11:255-315.

Ferry AP, Abedi S. Diagnosis and management of rhino-orbital cerebral Mucormycosis (Phycosis): A report of 16 personally observed cases. Ophthalmology 1983;90:1096-104.

Aggarwal P, Saxena S, Bansal V.Mucormycosis of maxillary sinus.J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2007;11(2):66-9.

Ajit Auluck. Maxillary necrosis by mucormycosis. A case report and literature review. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2007;12:360-4.

Brown OE, Finn R. Mucormycosis of the mandible. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1986;44:132-6.

West BC, Oberle AD, Chung KJ. Mucormycosis caused by Rhizopus microsporus: Cellulitis in the leg of a diabetic patient cured by amputation. J Clin Microbiol 1995;33:3341-4.

Buhl MR, Joseph TP, Snelling BE, Buhl L. Temporofacial zygomycosis in a pregnant woman. Infection. 1992;20:230-2.

Artis WM, Fountain JA, Delcher HK, Jones HE. A mechanism of susceptibility to mucormycosis in diabetes ketoacidosis: Transferrin and iron availability. Diabetes 1982;31:1109-14.

Marx RE, Stern D. Oral and Maxillofacial pathology: A rationale for diagnosis and treatment. 1st ed. Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc. 2006; p 104-6.

Kontoyiannis DP, Lewis RE. Invasive zygomycosis: update on pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and management. Infect Dis Clin North Am 2006;20:581–607.

Prabhu RM, Patel R. Mucormycosis and entomophthoramycosis: a review of the clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment. Clin Microbiol Infect 2004;10(1):31-47.

Michele D, Mignogna A, Giulio Fortuna, Stefania Leuci. Mucormycosis in immunocompetent patients: a case-series of patients with maxillary sinus involvement and a critical review of the literature. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 2011;15:533-40.

Eversole LR. Clinical outline of oral pathology diagnosis and treatment. 3rd ed. BC Decker Inc;2002.

Smith JL, Stevens DA. Survival in cerebro-rhino-orbital Zygomycosis and cavernous sinus thrombosis with combined therapy. South Med J 1986;79:501-4.

Goel S, Palaskar S, Shetty VP, Bhushan A. Rhinomaxillary mucormycosis with cerebral extension. J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2009;13:14-17.

Scully C, de Almeida OP. Orofacial manifestations of the systemic mycoses. J Oral Pathol Med 1992;21:289-94.

Salisbury PL 3rd, Caloss R Jr, Cruz JM, Powell BL, Cole R, Kohut RI. Mucormycosis of the mandible after dental extractions in a patient with acute myelogenous leukaemia. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. Endol 1997;83:340-4.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Indexed In Ebscohost Index Copernicus UlrichsWebOpenJGateGoogle Scholar DOAJ Gale Cengage Learning Research Gate
line
System Developed By Stanford University Arizona State University Simon Fraser University Canadian Centre For Studies In Publishing University of British Columbia - Faculty of Education
W3C XHTML v1.0 Verified W3C verified Valid CSS v2.1 PHP5 Enabled Made On Mac Apache Enabled MySQL Powered
Published by Celesta Software Pvt Ltd