A Survey Based Pilot Study on Three Dimensional Images and Animated Videos in Oral Histopathology

Sandhya Avinash Tamgadge, Avinash Tamgadge


Background: Oral Histopathology is the study of diseased tissues in a life-like manner. Unfortunately biopsy tissue gives two dimensional and static images. Additionally the descriptions of such images are in three dimensional terms such as cords, arcading, organoid etc., which most of the time is confusing to the students and readers. Therefore it becomes very difficult to correlate the descriptions mentioned in the textbooks with the images viewed under microscope. Researchers have been trying to develop various softwares to convert two dimensional images into three dimensional but again such images would still be static. Therefore three dimensional animation videos which would depict the etiopathogenesis in life like manner, should be available at each university to promote e-learning especially for oral histopathology speciality, popularity of which has been vanishing day by day. Such videos are already available for other speciality of dentistry. With this concept, a preliminary effort was been taken to design such animations for histopathological aspect of ameloblastoma and shown to students. Methods: A survey was conducted amongst bachelor of dental surgery students, interns and master of dental surgery students using questionnaire, to know the understanding level of oral histopathology through traditional teaching methods. Additionally few images and videos have been created using various softwares and feedback was evaluated. Results: Three dimensional videos were perceived as effective and efficient as E-learning tools for oral histopathology education. Conclusion: User feedback on the educational content was helpful. A website exclusively for this work was suggested and planned for E-learning.


Three Dimensional; Animation; Two Dimensional; Ameloblastoma; Oral Histopathology; Videos; Website

Full Text:



Indirani VL. Critical evaluation of Swot analysis (South Indian scenario). J Oral Maxillofac Pathol. 2003;7:5-7.

Barret A, Speight P. Use of oral pathology services by general histopathologists and their attitudes to training of oral pathologists. J Clin Pathol. 1996;49:565-9.

Brisbourne M, Chin S, Melnyk E, Begg D. Using web-based animations to teach histology. Anat Rec. 2002;269:11-19.

Hwang I, Tam M, Lam SL, Lam P. Review of use of animation as a supplementary learning material of physiology content in four academic years. The Electronic Journal of e-Learning. 2012;10:368.

Komabayashi T, Raghuraman K Raghuraman R, Toda S. International perspectives on dental education in India and Japan: Implications for US Dental Programs for Foreign-Trained Dentists. J Dent Educ. 2005;69:460-9.

Philips J. Second life for dental education. J Dent Educ. 2009;73:1260-4.

Roberts N, Magee D, Song Y, Brabazon K, Shires M, Crellin D, et al. Toward routine use of 3d histopathology as a research tool. Am J Pathol. 2012;180:1835-42.

Cohen MM. Major long-term factors influencing dental education in 21st century. J Dent Educ. 2002;66:360-73.

Dominick P, Paola D. The Evolution of Dental Education as a Profession 1936–2011 and the role of the Journal of Dental Education. J Dent Educ. 2012;76:14-27.

Sharma S, Vijayaraghavan V, Tandon P, Kumar D, Sharma H, Rao Y. Dental education. J Contemp Dent Prac. 2012; 13:107-10.

Titus K, Schleyer TP, Thyvalikakath T, Spallek HP, Dziabiak MA, Johnson L. From Information Technology to Informatics: The Information Revolution in Dental Education. J Dent Educ. 2012;76:142-53.

Musa S, Ziatdinov R, Griffiths C. Introduction to computer animation and its possible educational applications. In Gallová M, Gunčaga J, Chanasová Z, Chovancová MM. (Eds) New Challenges in Education. Retrospection of history of education to the future in the interdisciplinary dialogue among didactics of various school subjects. 1st edition. Ružomberok, Slovakia: VERBUM; 2013. pp 177-205.

Abbott A. Biology’s new dimension. Nature 2003;424:870-2.

Keller PJ, Pampaloni F, Stelzer EH. Life sciences require the third dimension. Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2006;18:117-24.

Lowe RK. Animation and learning: Value for money? In Atkinson R, Mc Beath C, Jonas D, Phillips R. Eds. Beyond the comfort zone: Proceedings of the 21st ASCILITE Conference. 2004.

Lasseter J. Principles of traditional animation applied to 3D computer animation. ACM SIGGRAPH Computer Graphics. 1987;21:35-44.

Pailliotet AW, Mosenthal PB. Reconceptualising literacy in the age of media, multimedia, and hypermedia. JAI/Ablex: New Jersey; 2000.

Musa S. Developing Educational Computer Animation Based on Human Personality Types. European Journal of Contemporary Education. 2015;11:52-71.

Islam B, Ahmed A, Islam K, Shamsuddin A. Child education through animation: an experimental study. IJCGA. 2014;4:43-52.

Bancroft J, Gamble M. Histological techniques, theory and practice. 5th ed. Churchill Livingstone; London: 2002.

Shafer WG, Hine MK, Levy BM, Tomich CE. A textbook of oral pathology. 6th ed. Saunders; Philadelphia: 2009: p 271-278.

Mayer R, Moreno R. Animation as an aid to multimedia learning. Educational Psychology Review. 2002;14:107-19.

Trevisan MS, Oki AC, Senger PL. An exploratory study of the effects of time compressed animated delivery multimedia technology on student. J Sci Educ Technol. 2009;19:293-302.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Indexed In Ebscohost Index Copernicus UlrichsWebOpenJGateGoogle Scholar DOAJ Gale Cengage Learning Research Gate
System Developed By Stanford University Arizona State University Simon Fraser University Canadian Centre For Studies In Publishing University of British Columbia - Faculty of Education
W3C XHTML v1.0 Verified W3C verified Valid CSS v2.1 PHP5 Enabled Made On Mac Apache Enabled MySQL Powered
Published by Celesta Software Pvt Ltd