The Color of Primary Teeth: A Literature Review



The purpose of this study was to evaluate the color of primary teeth, and study how to develop a model shade guide for primary teeth. A concise synopsis on color and the esthetics of primary teeth has been obtainable. Young children and their parents’ craving for an esthetically amusing smile were pointed out. Fundamental information on mechanisms of tooth color perception, color notation systems, and working ideology of instruments for tooth color measurement were subsequently provided. Issues related to color variety and allocation of primary teeth were underlined in the last section. It was accomplished that color of primary teeth appears to be much more important than conventionally thought. Supplementary research and its scientific function should be measured in order to improve the esthetics of restorations on primary teeth


tooth color, primary teeth

Full Text:



McLaren K. Color space, color scales and color difference. In: McDonald R, editor. Color physics for industry. Huddersfield: H Charlesworth & Co 1987:97-115.

Patterson D. Instruments for the measurement of the color of transparent and opaque objects. In: McDonald R, editor. Color physics for industry. Huddersfield: H. Charlesworth & Co 1987; 35-62.

Paravina RD, Powers JM. Esthetics color training in dentistry. St. Louis, MO: Elserview-Mosby; 2004.

Paul S, Peter A, Pietroban N, Hammerle CHF, Visual and spectrophotometric shade analysis of human teeth. J Dent Res 2002;81:578-582.

Sato RR, Shiraishi A, Ishibashi K. Using a computer colormatching system. A newly developed spectrophotometer designed for clonical application. Int J Prosthodont 1994; 7:50-58.

Macentee M, Lakowski R. Instrumental color measurements of vital and extracted human teeth. J Oral Rehabilit 1981; 7:203-208.

Zhao Y, Zhu J. In vivo volor measurement of 410 maxillary anterior teeth. Chin J Dent Res 1998; 3:49-51.

Russell MD, Gulfraz M, Moss BW. In vivo measurement of color charges in natural teeth. J Oral Rehabilit 2000; 27:786-792.

Redmalm G, Johannsen G, Ryden H. Lustre changes on teeth. The use of laser light for reflexion measuremenrs on the tooth surface-in vivo. Swed Dent J 1985;9:29-35.

Hasegawa A: Motonomi A, Ikeda I, Kawaguchi S. Color of natural tooth crown in Japanese people. Col Res Appl 2000; 25:43-48.

Tung FF, Goldstein GR, Jang S, Hittelman E. The repeatability of an intraoral dental colorimeter, J Prosthet Dent 2002: 88:585-590.

Goncalves FA, Birmani EG, Sugayai NN, Melo AM. Natal teeth: Review of literature and report of an unusual case. Braz Dent J 1998;9:53-6.

da Silva CM, Ramos MM, Carrara CF, Dalben Gda S. Oral characteristics of Newborns. J Dent Child (Chic) 2008;75:4-6.

Alvarez MP, Crespi PV, Shanske AL. Natal molars in Pfeiffer syndrome type 3: A case report. J Clin Pediatr Dent 1993;18:21-4.

Anegundi RT, Sudha P, Kaveri H, Sadanand K. Natal and neonatal teeth: A report of four cases. J Indian Soc Pedo Prev Dent 2002;20:86-92

Rusmah M. Natal and neonatal teeth: A clinical and histological study. J Clin Pediatr Dent 1991;15:251-3

Chawla HS, Subba Reddy VV. A follow-up study of 25 cases of Natal/Neonatal teeth. J Indian Soc Pedo Prev Dent 1988;6:57-61

Barfiwala DR. Natal and neonatal teeth: A review of 50 cases. J Indian Soc Pedo Prev Dent 1996;14:21-3.

Anderson RA. Natal and neonatal teeth: Histologic investigation of two black females. ASDC J Dent Child 1982;49:300-3

Singh S, Subbba Reddy VV, Dhananjaya G, Patil R. Reactive fibrous hyperplasia associated with a natal tooth: A case report. J Indian Soc Pedo Prev Dent 2004;22:183-6

Delbem AC, Faraco Junior IM, Percinoto C, Delbem AC. Natal teeth: Case report. J Clin Pediatr Dent 1996;20:325-7.

El Khatib K, Abouchadi A, Nassih M, Rzin A, Jidal B, DaninoA, et al . Natal teeth: Study of five cases. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac 2005;106:325-7.

McDonald RD, Avery DR, Dean JA. Dentistry for the Child and Adolescent. 8 th ed. Missouri: Mosby; 2004.

Portela MB, Damasceno L, Primo LG. Unusual case of multiple natal teeth. J Clin Pediatr Dent 2004;29:37-9.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Index Copernicus Index CopernicusGoogle Scholar
System Developed By Stanford University Arizona State University Simon Fraser University Canadian Centre For Studies In Publishing University of British Columbia - Faculty of Education
W3C XHTML v1.0 Verified W3C verified Valid CSS v2.1 PHP5 Enabled Copyscape - DO NOT COPY Made On Mac Apache Enabled MySQL Powered
Published by Celesta Software Pvt Ltd