Authors Guidelines

Nagesh Bhat


International Journal of Public Health Dentistry considered the manuscripts for its initial editorial review, with the understanding that they have not been published previously/ they have not been accepted for publication and is not under consideration for publication by another publisher in print / electronic medium. This excludes the form of an abstract/ as part of a published lecture or thesis.

All submission must have a main Author for Correspondence. All coauthors must give an approval for the manuscript Submission. All correspondence will be mailed to the Corresponding author. Corresponding author should convey the messages to the co-authors.

All authors must go through the Authors Guidelines before submitting the manuscript to avoid the delay in processing, as the incomplete manuscripts will be returned to the authors for the necessary changes, before being accepted for the first round editorial Review.

Once the submitted manuscript met all specifications for submission an acknowledgement letter with Manuscript ID will be mailed to the Corresponding author within 72 Hours. Authors advised to mention this number for any future Correspondence.

A manuscript submission to International Journal of Public Health Dentistry by corresponding author gives all authors consent to the editor, that he can edit the manuscript to improve its grammar, style and wordings without changing the facts of the study.


Steps for Manuscripts Submission

1.     Five Step Online submission through Website:

2.               Email submission: Email the manuscript in .doc file, Cover letter in .doc /.jpg, tables in excel files, Graph in .tif 300dpi resolution or excel files, in zipped format to

Any questions regarding the status of an accepted manuscript can be sent from the site once you login. Or to editorial office: You will receive a reply within 2 working days.

Language & Format

International Journal of Public Health Dentistry accepts English manuscripts. All manuscripts will be evaluated for the Language errors before sending for review. Authors will be instructed to correct the mistakes before editorial review. The preferred format for the manuscript submission is .doc/.dox or .rtf.  Tables should be in excel format or in a separate word doc made by the table plug-in in the .doc.


Types of Manuscripts & Section Policy

1.     Research Papers: Manuscripts reports original research/Studies/Survey etc.

2.     Letters to the Editors: Manuscripts which report unique reports but do not qualify for other sections, results of pilot studies and comment on the articles published in International Journal of Public Health Dentistry. An abstract is not required. The letter should not be divided into sections. The Letters will undergo peer review similar to other articles.

3.     Announcements: International Journal of Public Health Dentistry publishes announcements of conferences, meetings, seminars, symposia, courses, and other items. The announcements should be less than 100 words. They must be accompanied by name, address and email of a contact person.

4.     Educational Posters: For Poster section, the manuscript must meet all the criteria of a Research Article given above with the difference that 10-15 figures can be submitted for this section. The figures may include Charts, Graphs, Tables, clinical images, radiology images pathology images or a series of images of a procedure or event. For any technical questions, please contact the Editorial Office.

Manuscript Preparation

All manuscripts (English language) must be prepared in accordance with "Uniform requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals" developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. The complete document appears in Ann Intern Med 1997;126(1):36-47; or online at Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at   all services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.


All manuscripts must contain;

1.     Manuscript Text File .doc  / .rtf  ( without authors details)

2.     Supplementary Files includes separate files for

a.     Title page,

b.    Cover Letter  .doc/ .rtf (Contain all Authors including Corresponding Author’s Name, Designation, Address, Phone, Email)

c.     Acknowledgement

d.    Tables & Graphs in excel/ .doc format

e.     Figures 300dpi resolution .jpg /. Tiff (as individual attachment)

f.     Copy right form signed by all authors (in the order their names to be included in the final article).

Cover Letter


(Name, Academic Degrees, Designation, Affiliation, Address, Ph, Email of the Corresponding Author)


Editor, IJPHD.

Sub: Research Paper/ Letter to editor / Poster/


             I Dr.(Name of Corresponding author) state that, on behalf of all co-authors mentioned below, wish to submit the manuscript entitled (Manuscript Title) for consideration for publication in International Journal of Public Health Dentistry. The study is an original work of all authors and we affirm that similar or identical work has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. All the authors made significant amount of contribution to the study. All authors read and approved the final version of submitted manuscript before submission. The manuscript was presented at (meeting/ conference name, venue, date which paper was presented.)

The importance of this study was (mention the reason behind this article should be published).

Yours Truly

Signature of the Corresponding Author

Lists of Names of all Authors in the Order it should appear in the final article

1.     The Full Name, Affiliation, Academic Degree(S), Ph, Fax And Email Address Of 1st Author.

2.     The Full Name, Affiliation, Academic Degree(S), Ph, Fax And Email Address Of 2nd Author.

3.     The Full Name, Affiliation, Academic Degree(S), Ph, Fax And Email Address Of 3rd Author.

Instructions for Manuscript Preparation

Provide single document which includes the Title Page, Abstract and manuscript text. Use Microsoft Word document (.doc) or Rich Text Format (.rtf) to prepare the document.  Use the following points to prepare and format the manuscript.

Research Article

  • Authors: Six authors maximum (if more than six authors please contact the Editorial Office before submitting the article.)
  • Abstract - Structured abstract less than 250 words (Introduction/Background, Aims & Objective, materials & Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion), followed by 3-5 keywords
  • Word limit: 3000 - 4000 words
  • Structure of manuscript: Introduction, Objective, Materials & Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion
  • Tables: 5 or less
  • Figures: 2 or less
  • References: 40 or less

Educational Posters

  • Authors: 3 authors maximum
  • Abstract: Structured abstract less than 250 words (Introduction, Materials & Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion), followed by 3-5 keywords
  • Word limit: 1500 words maximum
  • Structure of manuscript: Introduction, Materials & Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion
  • Tables: 3 or less
  • Figures: 10 or less
  • References: 15 or less

Letters to the Editors

  • Authors: 2 authors maximum
  • Abstract: Not required
  • Word limit: 800 words maximum
  • Structure of manuscript: Start the manuscript as 'To the Editors,'. Do not divide the manuscript into sections.
  • Tables: 1 or less
  • Figures: 2 or less
  • References: 5 or less

Manuscript Content Order

  • Organize the manuscript as given below, in order:

Title page, A structured abstract,   Key Words 3-5,

Introduction, Aims &, Objectives, Materials& methods,

Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Conflict of Interest, Author contributions, Acknowledgements, References, Images / Figures (if any) and  Tables (if any).

  • Start main text of the manuscript on a page separate from the abstract page.
  • Use a normal, plain font for text (e.g. 10 point Arial).
  • Manuscripts should be single spaced starting from abstract page onwards. The title page need not be double spaced.
  • There should be at least one inch margin all around the text.
  • Number the pages consecutively, starting from the title page.
  • Use hard returns at the end of paragraphs, do not use an extra hard return after each line; do not use tabs or extra space at the start of paragraphs.
  • Leave NO blank line between each paragraph.
  • The article type must be indicated on the Title Page (Research Article, Poster, and Letter to Editors).
  • Do not use abbreviations in the title or abstract.
  • Define abbreviations on first mention in the text. Give name of company and its location for all products.
  • Cite all reference numbers in the text in parenthesis before the closing punctuation mark. There should not be any space between two numbers, e.g. (1), (2, 3), (2, 5-8).
  • Cite all figure and table numbers in the text in parenthesis, e.g. (Figure 1) or (Figures 1, 2) or (Figures 1A, 2).
  • Use conventional units of measurement throughout the manuscript.
  • Use the table-function of the word-processor or excel used for writing the manuscript to make tables.
  • Use generic names of drugs, unless mention of the specific trade name of a drug cannot be avoided. For any trade name used in the text, capitalize the first letter, and include the manufacturer's name and location (city, state/province, country).

Manuscripts which won’t fulfill the above mentioned criteria’s will be returned to authors for correction before doing the first review.

Title page: The first page of the manuscript the 'Title Page' should include the following:

  • Type of manuscript (Research article, Educational Posters, Letter to Editors)
  • Title of manuscript (No abbreviations in the title)
  • First name and Surname of all authors
  • Highest academic qualification (e.g. M.D.S/ Ph.D.)
  • Academic position in the department (Sr. Lecturer / Reader / Associate Professor / Professor / HOD)
  • Author affiliations (Department, Institution, City, State, Country)
  • Name of corresponding author with Contact Address, Contact Phone Number, Email And Fax Number
  • Include the statement - "Guarantor of Submission - The corresponding author is the Guarantor of Submission"
  • Name of Guarantor of Submission (if not the corresponding author) with contact address, contact phone number, email and fax number
  • Short running title of the manuscript (less than 40 characters).

Even though, corresponding author is considered the guarantor for the integrity of the manuscript as a whole, all authors shares equal responsibility of the content. In case of plagiarism all authors will be equally answerable to the same.


  • All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship.
  •  Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content.
  •  Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions to:

1.     Conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of the data; and to

2.     Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and on

3.     Final approval of the version to be published. 

4.     Conditions 1, 2, and 3 must all be met. 

 The editor may ask for verification of these conditions for each author.


Abstract: A well-written abstract is critical for highlighting the salient points of the study. Abstract should start on a new page after the Title Page. The abstract must not exceed 250 words for any type of article.

Structure the abstract as given below:

  • Research Article: Background/ Introduction, Aims & Objective, Materials & Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion (less than 250 words)
  • Poster: Back ground/ Introduction, Aims & Objective, Materials & Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion (less than 250 words)
  • Letters to Editors :Abstract not required

Do not include anything in the abstract that is not in the manuscript. Do not include references in abstract.

Key Words: Provide 3 to 5 keywords below the abstract, which will be used for indexing purposes. At least three terms from the medical subject headings (MeSH) list of Index Medicus should be used. The use of MeSH headings greatly facilitates the identification of your article by online search engines and improves the likelihood that interested readers can retrieve your article. Assistance in locating MeSH headings is provided at:


Introduction: This explains the background of the research including the known facts about the current study.

Aims & Objectives: Give the reason for conducting this research.

Materials & Methods: Sample selection, Sample size, Research Methodology, Statistics.

Results: Results obtained from the research. Use text, figures and tables to present and illustrate the study. Do not repeat data in text and tables.  Do not write figure legends in the text. List them separately after the references. Give numeric results as absolute numbers and derivatives (percentages). If statistical methods are used, mention their names after the statistical results

Discussion: Give a comprehensive review of literature. Describe the current knowledge about the area of study. Describe how your observation is different from previous reported studies and how your observations will significantly advance the current knowledge of the research. Do not repeat the details given in the Introduction or the result section.

Conclusions: Conclusion should highlight the main points learnt from the study in a short paragraph of 3-4 sentences.

List of Abbreviations: If abbreviations are used in the text, either they should be defined in the text when first used or a list of abbreviations can be provided before the references.

Conflict of Interest: List here any conflict of interest, if present. All authors must disclose any conflict of interest they may have with an institution or product that is mentioned in the manuscript or a competing product to the one mentioned in the manuscript and/or is important to the outcome of the study presented.  All conflict of interests will be listed at the end of the published article. If the author(s) gives no conflict of interests, the following sentence will be used - 'The author(s) declare no conflict of interests'.

Authors' contributions: This section will list the individual contributions of all authors of the manuscript. The details will have to be filled in the Copyright Assignment Form. Once the manuscript is submitted, the order of authors cannot be changed without written consent from all the authors.  The contribution of all the authors to the work described in the manuscript will be published with the article. To be eligible for authorship, an individual must complete at least one task from each group listed below.

Group1: Conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data

Group 2: Drafting the article, Critical revision of the article

Group 3: Final approval of the version to be published

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the acknowledgements section.

Acknowledgements: In this section authors acknowledge any people who support the study by arranging for funds, supervising the design and help to gather the study materials to complete the research or by providing technical assistance. Authors must obtain a permission from all persons/ organization mentioned in this section before acknowledge them. Reprinting of text/ tables/ figures should be done with the prior permission of an author or publisher and must acknowledge them in this section.

References: The maximum numbers of references for the articles published in international Journal of Public Health Dentistry are given below.

  • Research articles - 40 or less
  • Posters - 20 or less
  • Letters to the Editors - 5 or less

Authors of the manuscript are responsible for the accuracy of references. IJPHD follows NLM format.

  • All references in text, tables, and legends must be identified by consecutive Arabic numerals in parenthesis, listed before the closing punctuation mark. There should not be any space between the reference numbers in parenthesis. E.g. (1) or (1,2) or (1-4) or (1-4,6) or (1,2,5-7) or (1,4-5,8,11-16).
  • References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in continuation with references in the text. (E.g. If the last reference cited in the text is 11, number the next reference cited only in table as 12.)
  • Place the references immediately after the author name or if author name is not included in the sentence, at the end of the sentence after the punctuation mark.
  • In the reference section, number each reference consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text (not in alphabetic order).
  • Each reference must have a reference number.
  • References should not be used in titles or headings.
  • List all authors up to 6; if more than 6, list the first 6 followed by 'et al.'
  • Abbreviate the journal titles according to the style used in Index Medicus / Pub Med.
  • Use complete journal names for non-indexed journals.
  • Avoid using abstracts as references.
  • Avoid citing unpublished data or manuscripts, personal communications, web sites, conference papers and non-peer reviewed publications.
  • Avoid citing text books as references and very old references.
  • If personal communication is cited, it should be listed at the appropriate location in the text, in parenthesis, after punctuation. Do not include it as a reference.
  • For personal communications include the following in parenthesis - name of individual, highest academic qualification, institute, country, year the information was obtained and whether it was oral or written communication. Authors who cite personal communications must obtain written permission from all cited individuals.
  • Please take extreme care in following the reference style given below. Manuscripts with references not formatted in the correct style will be returned to the authors for revision before being sent for Editorial Review.
  • References must follow the general arrangement and punctuation outlined in International Committee of Medical Journal Editors Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. Ann Intern Med1988; 108:258-265 or Br Med J.1988; 296:401-405.
  • References should be typed, Single Spaced, after the acknowledgements. Provide inclusive page numbers for all references (EG: p 401-405).

The general format of the references is: Author Surname followed by Initials.(Full Stop) Article title.(Full stop) Abbreviated journal name year;(Semicolon)volume(number):inclusive page numbers. No space between - year; volume (number): inclusive page numbers. (E.g.: 2010;1(1):3-7.)

Example of IJPHD reference style is shown below.

Web site Links
include the website name followed by the full URL:

Article within a journal

Author Surname Initials.Title of article.Abbreated Journal title year;volume(number)page.
Online-only Articles

Author Surname Initials.Title of article.Abbreated Journal title year;volume(number). Available at:URL. Accessed month date, year.

Volume with supplement

Author Surname Initials.Title of article.Abbreated Journal title year;volumeSuppl No:page.

Figures and Photographs

  • The JPEG, PNG, TIFF, of minimum 300dpi resolution is acted for publication in International Journal of Public Health Dentistry..
  • If you include text or figures that have been published elsewhere, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner(s). All expenses for obtaining such permission will have to be paid by the author(s). If you are unable to pay for obtaining permission to use previously published work, we suggest that you use other work available free to refer and cite in your manuscript.
  • Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text.
  • Mention the figure numbers in the text at the appropriate places in parenthesis after punctuation marks. E.g. (Figure 1) or (Figures 1A, 2) or (Figures 1A, 1C, 3-4) or (Figures 1-3) or (Figures 1, 4-6)
  • Do not include images in the main manuscript text file.
  • All figures should be provided as separate files.
  • Include color figures wherever possible.
  • The file name should include the figure number. Label file names as: Figure 1, Figure 2 etc. If multiple figures form a part of a sequence label them as Figure 1 (A), Figure 1 (B) etc.
  • Figure files should have a minimum of 300 pixels per inch (dpi) if in color or halftone, or at 1200 dpi if as line art. Digital scanned line drawings should have a minimum resolution of 800 dpi. Digital color files must be saved using CMYK or RGB mode.
  • Try to keep all images separate. You do not need to combine multiple images into a single image.
  • If it is necessary to combine multiple figures into one composite figure, figure parts should be denoted on the figure by uppercase letters (A, B, C, etc.). Label each figure in the lower left-hand corner (for Figure 1 (A), label figure as 'A', for Figure 1 (B), label figure as 'B', without quotes). Labels should not include the word 'Figure.' The size of the letters should be large enough to be easily visible in case the figure is reduced in size. Use Arial (sans serif) font to add labels. Use font color so that the letters contrast with the background. Keep letters of a consistent size in all the figures. You can use symbols, arrows or letters in the figures to indicate important areas or parts. Do not put the title of figures or explanations on the figure. Mention them in the figure legends.
  • If a figure has been published elsewhere, you will have to submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material at the time of submitting the Copyright Assignment Form.
  • Please provide figure legends on a separate page with Arabic numerals corresponding to the figures.
  • The legends should be included in the manuscript text file immediately following the references.
  • Give a good description of the figures. When arrows, symbols or letters are used to identify parts of a figure, identify and explain each one in the legend. Give the magnification and identify the method of staining in photomicrographs.
  • Figure legend should begin with the term 'Figure' followed by figure number (e.g. 'Figure 1'). Do not include any punctuation after the figure number or at the end of the figure legend.
  • Do not use any abbreviations unless their full forms are given (excluding common abbreviations such as names of antibodies.
  • The Journal reserves the right to modify, crop, rotate, reduce, or enlarge the photographs to an acceptable size.


  •  Tables should be provided after figure legends.
  • The table numbers should be cited at the relevant places in the text in parenthesis after the punctuation mark. E.g. (Table 1) or (Tables 1-4) or (Tables 1, 4, 6-8).
  • Each table should be numbered in the order of first citation in the text, using Arabic numerals (e. g. Table 1).
  • Each table should appear on a separate page.
  • A title for every table which summarizes the whole table must be given above the table.
  • Tables should be self-explanatory and not duplicate the data presented in figures.
  • Kindly prepare tables using the table function of word processing program like Microsoft Word. Do not use spaces or tabs for making tables.
  • Charts should be sent as Excel or PowerPoint files.
  • Place explanations, comments and full form of non-standard abbreviations in footnotes below each table.
  • If some material has been taken from previously published literature, give the reference at the end of the table caption, and include the citation in the list of references at appropriate places.
  • For footnotes use superscript lower case letters.


Supplementary Files to be attached with manuscript Submission

  • Copy Right forms signed by all authors in the order they appear in the final article with their role in manuscript contribution. In a Scanned format of 800dpi and in Hard copy.

Mail the Same to: Editorial Office, IJPHD, 15-D Block, Raghukul Complex, 43-Pathon KI Magari, Subhash Nagar, Udaipur, Rajasthan-313001, India.

  • Patient's Consent to Publish Identifying Information (Required if any identifying information is included in text or figures).
  • Permission to Reproduce Published Material (Required if any previously published material is used in the manuscript)
  • You are welcome to upload all forms as .pdf through our website or send them as email attachments.
  • Upload on website: Use the supplementary files upload link' in the fie step submission from the Author Login Page.
  • Submit by email: Submit the forms as email attachments to:

Copy Right Policy

  • International journal of Public Health Dentistry Publishes & distribute open Access articles, which comes under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. This permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided that the original work is properly cited.
  • Authors retain the responsibility and copyright of their work for all articles published in International Journal of Public Health Dentistry.
  • Once the manuscript is selected for reviewing, it is compulsory that the corresponding author & all Co-authors must sign and submit a Copyright Form. The manuscript cannot be uploaded or printed until a signed copyright form is received by the Editorial Office.
  • BY signing the copy right form all authors unconditionally agreed the, Integrity and originality of manuscript, Open access agreement, Rights of authors and publishers, Authorship criteria, Permission to reproduce published material, Patient's consent to publish and Conflict of interest.
  • Copy right forms must include the Manuscript ID, Title of the Manuscript, Date, and Name of All authors.


Plagiarism Policy

Journal’s Policy on Plagiarism is strict once the editorial board detects plagiarism at any stage of publishing and reviewing the board has the right to remove the article from the journal (even after publishing). In such case the author processing fees won’t be refunded.


The following policy is taken from the Publication Ethics Policies for Medical Journals , Prepared by the WAME Publication Ethics Committee .


“Plagiarism is the use of others' published and unpublished ideas or words (or other intellectual property) without attribution or permission, and presenting them as new and original rather than derived from an existing source. The intent and effect of plagiarism is to mislead the reader as to the contributions of the plagiarizer. This applies whether the ideas or words are taken from abstracts, research grant applications, Institutional Review Board applications, or unpublished or published manuscripts in any publication format (print or electronic).

Plagiarism is scientific misconduct and should be addressed as such (see

Self-plagiarism refers to the practice of an author using portions of their previous writings on the same topic in another of their publications, without specifically citing it formally in quotes. This practice is widespread and sometimes unintentional, as there are only so many ways to say the same thing on many occasions, particularly when writing the Methods section of an article. Although this usually violates the copyright that has been assigned to the publisher, there is no consensus as to whether this is a form of scientific misconduct, or how many of one's own words one can use before it is truly "plagiarism." Probably for this reason self-plagiarism is not regarded in the same light as plagiarism of the ideas and words of other individuals.”

The following actions are taken in approximate order of severity:

A letter of explanation (and education) sent only to the person against whom the complaint /plagiarism is made, where there appears to be a genuine and innocent misunderstanding of principles or procedure.

A letter of reprimand to the same party, warning of the consequences of future such instances, where the misunderstanding appears to be not entirely innocent.

A formal letter as above, including a written request to the supervising institution that a investigation be carried out and the findings of that inquiry reported in writing to the journal.

Publication of a notice of redundant or duplicate publication or plagiarism, if appropriate (and unequivocally documented). Such publication will not require approval of authors, and should be reported to their institution.

Formal withdrawal or retraction of the paper from the scientific literature, published in the journal, informing readers and the indexing authorities (National Library of Medicine, etc), if there is a formal finding of misconduct by an institution. Such publication will not require approval of authors, should be reported to their institution, and should be readily visible and identifiable in the journal. It should also meet other requirements established by the International Committee of Journal Editors(, accessed 12/2/03). It is recommended that editors inform readers and authors of their reservation of the right to publish a retraction if it meets these conditions, thereby helping decrease arguments with authors.

Cited from URL: ethics-policies-for-medical-journals#plagiarism


Processing Fees

Being a free online (open access) journal, it’s the journal’s policy to collect INR 2000*/- from authors as a processing fee ((approximately 21 pages double-spaced typescript inclusive of figures, tables and references). Editorial board can make the publishing free, if the manuscript will contribute a new view to the reader’s knowledge in the field and the publishing will enhance the overall quality of the journal.

Page Charges (Excludes Processing fees)

Page charges: Current page charges are INR 500*/- for each page in excess of 7 printed journal pages (approximately 21 pages double-spaced typescript inclusive of figures, tables and references). Charges will be invoiced and payment is required prior to publication.

Conditions Apply*.This could vary any time followed by an announcement in the journal.

Online version

  • The Journal is part of the Celesta Software Private Limited; Articles are published on a regular basis online in advance of their appearance in a print issue.
  • These articles are fully peer reviewed, edited, and complete and only lack permanent page numbers and volume/issue details will be permanent from the date they first appear online.
  •  This date is shown with the article in the online table of contents. Because Early View articles are considered fully complete, please bear in mind that changes cannot be made to an article after the online publication date even if it is still yet to appear in print.
  • The articles are available as full text HTML or PDF and can be cited as references by using their Digital Object Identifier (DOI) numbers. The journal will assign the DOI once print version published. For more information on DOIs, please see
  • To view all the articles currently available, please visit the journal homepage at
  • Upon print publication, the article will be removed from the online area and will, complete with page numbers and volume/issue details.
  • No other changes will be made.
  • The implementation of online version with temporary page number for IJPHD represents our commitment to publishing articles as soon as possible for readers, reducing time to publication considerably without sacrificing quality or completeness.



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