An assessment and comparison of oral health status among dental students and dental professionals of a teaching institute in Punjab, India using the Hiroshima University - Dental Behavioral Inventory (HU- DBI)

Satpreet Singh, Niteha Gupta, Manavjot Kaur

Abstract


Introduction: Oral health is one of the important assets for any country. An oral health survey was conducted for mapping out the oral health situation in a selected population of dental students, and further comparing it with dental professionals. Objective: To assess and compare the oral hygiene practices, problems, awareness and habits among the dental students as compared to the dental professionals in National Dental College and Hospital, Derabassi, Punjab, India. Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among 422 dental students and 78 dental professionals from National Dental College and Hospital, DeraBassi, Punjab, India. The oral health status was assessed using an English version of the preformed set of questionnaire consisting of 20 questions as per Hiroshima University- Dental Behavioral Inventory (HU-DBI) by the Hiroshima University. The data was coded, computerized and analyzed by using statistical program for social sciences (SPSS) 16.0 version. Differences in responses were assessed using chi-square. The level of significance was set at p< 0.05. Results: It was found that the dental students put off going to the dentist until they have a toothache more often that the dental faculty (p<0.001), and among the dental students  male students (48.3%) were more likely to put of visiting a dentist when compared to females (39.1%). Overall there were no statistically significant differences found in HU-DBI mean scores of the dental students as compared to the dental professionals. Conclusion: Therefore, the present study demonstrated that the awareness among the dental students is comparable to the dental professionals.


Keywords


Oral Health status; Hiroshima University- Dental Behavioral Inventory (HU-DBI); Cross-sectional study; Dental students; Dental professionals

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